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Harta Romaniei




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Info about ROMANIA

Country’s official name: ROMANIA

Governmental organization: Republic

Some info about our country, as follows:
Geographical position: our country is situated in the South - East of Europe, at north from the Bal-kan Peninsula, in the low basin of Danube, with access to the Black Sea and having The South – Eastern Carpathians as “ the spinal column”.

Area:
238.391 square km (the11th place in Europe and the 79th place in the world).

People:
22.607.620 inhabitants (according to data from the 1st of July 1996), the 8th place in Europe and the 38th place in the world. Structure on nationalities (according to data from the 7th of January 1992): 20.408.542 Romanians (89,47%) , 1.624.959 Hungarians (7,12%), 401.087 Gipsys (1,75%),119.462 Germans (0,52%),65.764 Ucranians (0,29%).

Harta Romaniei

Administation structure:
Romania is made up of 41 counties and the capital town Bucharest, which has the status of a county; 262 cities (from which 80 are considered main cities), 2686 vil-lages, 13.285 small villages.

Capital:
Bucharest - 2.037.278 inhabitants (1st of July 1996)

Religions:
(1992): 19.762.135 Orthodox (86,6%),1.144.820 Catholic (5%), 804.577 Lutheran (3,5%), 228.377 Greek-Catholic (1%), 220.051 Pentecostals (1%),109.677 Baptists (0,5%), others: Muslims, etc.

Landscape:
Romania has a varied landscape, distributed as follows: 31% mountains, 33% hills and plateaus, 36 % plains. The Romanian Carpathians, with a medium altitude of 840 m, stand in the centre of the country, being structured in three divisions: Oriental Carpathians, Meridional Carpa-thians, Western Carpathians.

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Climate:
The climate is moderately continental, with some external influences in the low regions (Oceanic, Baltic, Pontic influences). The yearly average temperature exceeds 11 degrees and can recede up to 0 degrees in the highest regions.

Fauna:
Knows a big diversity: stags, deers, bears, foxes, wild boars; species that one can rarely meet such as pelicans, tadorna, otters (in the Danube Delta), chamois, lynx, grouse and others that are protected by the Romanian law.

Tourism:
Romania disposes of all environmental conditions in order to become one of the most important destinations for tourists. The most often visited regions are: the Black Sea, Bucharest, the Prahova Valley ( with its resorts: Sinaia, Busteni, Predeal, Azuga), the monasteries from Moldavia, the wood churches from Maramures, Danube Delta, old medieval cities such as Brasov, Sighisoara, Sibiu, Deva, watering resorts: Felix, Herculane, Tusnad, Calimanesti -Caciulata,Sovata,Vatra Dornei, a lot of caves and the future Dracula Park.

Overview:
Romania is a country with a medium average, and PNB for each inhabitant is 3830 mil-lions dollars. With a number of 21,63 million inhabitants, Romania is the second biggest country from the Central and Eastern Europe and larger than 19 from the total of 25 member countries of The European Union.

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Main events:
Started in 1990, Romania’s period of transition was more difficult than in the other Central and East European countries. This was a consequence of the fact that, at the end of the 1980s, our economy was in collapse, after 40 years of strict central planning which focused on in-dependence and had excessively stressed on hard industry and large and unprofitable infrastructure projects. Starting with the 1st of January 2007, Romania is member of the European Union.